Past Perfect Tense

Tenses- Past Perfect Tense

Past perfect tense: অতীতকালের দুটি কাজের মধ্যে যেটি অপেক্ষাকৃত পূর্বে সম্পন্ন হয়েছিল সেটি Past perfect tense এবং অন্যটি past indefinite tense.

এই Tense এর ক্ষেত্রে আমাদের মনে রাখতে হবে যে অতীতকালেই কাজটি সম্পন্ন হবে।

Structure:

Subject+had+verb এর past participle form+extension+before +Past Indefinite Tense.
Past indefinite tense+after+Subject+had+verb এর past participle form+extension.

Examples:

Structure 1: Subject+had+verb এর past participle form+extension+before +Past Indefinite Tense.

Nazma had written articles on different topics before Raima came.
I had read various kinds of books before he came.
The boys had played football in that field before the sunset.
They had gone to the coffee shop before you came home.
Rabin had studied in the library before Raju came to the class.
They had shopped in that shop before you went home.
They had watched a movie in that Cineplex before you came here.
They had shopped in that market before he came home.
We had practised the songs before our program started.
He had listened to melodious songs before they started the work.
They had travelled around the world before they came to Bangladesh.
I had played hockey in that field before the rain started.
Nazrul had written a romantic poem before he came to the party.
The minister had come to the program before the chief guest came.
Had you come to the program before he went home?
He had not watched a cricket match on television before Raju came here.


Structure 2: Past indefinite tense+after+Subject+had+verb এর past participle form+extension.

He had come after I read various kinds of books.
The sun had set after the boys played football in that field.
You had come home after they went to the coffee shop.
Raju had come to the class after Rabin had studied in the library.
He came here after he had left.
He helped them to do the task after he had finished his work.

Past Perfect Tense এর ক্ষেত্রে আমরা অবশ্যই মনে রাখতে হবে।যেহেতু অতীতকালে দুটি কাজ সংঘটিত হয় তাই before এর পূর্বে Past perfect tense এবং after এরপর  Past perfect tense ব্যবহৃত হবে।