Tenses-simple past tense


Simple past tense 

Simple past tense: ক্রিয়ার কাজ শেষ হয়েছে, তার ফলাফল এখন আর বর্তমানে বিদ্যমান নেই এরূপ বোঝালে তাকে simple past tense বলে।

Structure: Subject + Verb এর past form (v2) + extension.

Simple past tense ব্যবহার করা হয় এমন কার্য বোঝাতে যা শুরু এবং শেষ হয়েছিল অতীতের কোনো একটি নির্দিষ্ট সময়ে। অনেক সময় নির্দিষ্ট সময় উল্লেখ না করেও past indefinite tense ব্যবহার করা হয়।

 Tenses-simple past tense



Affirmative sentences in the Simple Past

Simple past tense কে Affirmative করার জন্য নিচের structure follow করতে হবে।

Structure: Subject + Verb এর past form (v2) + extension.

For example:

Rana played football yesterday.
She saw her family last week.
You were in France in June.


Negative sentences in the Simple Past

Simple past tense কে Negative করার জন্য নিচের structure follow করতে হবে।

Subject + did not + base form of verb + extension.

For examples:

Rahim didn’t play football yesterday.
Rani didn’t go to the theatre last month.
He didn’t arrive on time this morning.


Questions in the Simple Past

Simple past tense কে Interrogative করার জন্য নিচের structure follow করতে হবে।

Structure: Did + subject + base form of verb + extension?

Examples:

Did you play cricket yesterday?
Did they win the match?
Did she clean her home last weekend?


Regular and Irregular Verbs

Changes of the verb form in Past simple Tense.

Regular verb examples

    place – placed
    dance – danced
    plan – planned
    stop – stopped
    fix – fixed
    snow – snowed
    rain – rained
    need – needed
    help – helped
    add – added
    worry – worried
    play – played


Irregular verb examples

    be – was/were
    buy – bought
    come – came
    do – did
    eat – ate
    find – found
    go – went
    have – had
    leave – left
    make – made
    pay – paid
    see – saw
    take – took
    tell – told
    write – wrote